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23 de outubro de 2023

carreira e ambição política na Câmara dos Deputados

[Construção de Brasília 
Photo: Marcel Gautherot]

Political Ambition and Career Choices in The Brazilian Chamber of Deputies: A Three-Dimensional Analysis Proposal


We employed a three-dimensional analysis model to investigate the influence of (1) institutional rules, (2) the sociopolitical profile, and (3) the level of political professionalization among Brazilian parliamentarians on  their  career  choices.  

Our  data  focuses  on  federal  deputies  elected  in  2014,  sourced  from  the  Superior Electoral  Court.  

Utilizing  binomial  logistic  regression  models,  we  examined  the  combined  influence of institutional, social, and professional variables on political ambition. We analyzed the electoral decisions made by these parliamentarians in the 2016 and 2018 elections. Our findings revealed intricate interactions among these dimensions, offering novel insights into the patterns of career choices. 

We identified a strong correlation between  political  ambition  and  political  status,  with  parliamentarians  who  have  more  established  careers displaying  a  greater  inclination  to  pursue  ambitious  political  objectives.  Additionally,  our  study  highlights variations in career choices and electoral success, contingent on the level of government these individuals aspire to  and  the  specific  electoral  system  they  compete  in  (whether  majoritarian  or  proportional).  Regarding  the intersections  between  political  ambition  and  sociopolitical  profile,  we  found  that  only  a  lower  level  of educational  attainment  affects  regressive  ambition.  

Our  findings  contribute  to  a  more  comprehensive understanding  of  political  ambition,  encompassing  dimensions  that  remain  underexplored  in  the  scholarly literature, such as political professionalization and the sociopolitical profile of parliamentary elites.

Keywords: brazilian federal deputies; career choices; political ambition; political professionalization; sociopolitical profile.

Como citar:
Sainz, N., & Codato, A. (2023). Carreira e ambição política na Câmara dos Deputados do Brasil: uma proposta de análise tridimensional. In SciELO Preprints.

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