artigo recomendado

Bolognesi, B., Ribeiro, E., & Codato, A.. (2023). A New Ideological Classification of Brazilian Political Parties. Dados, 66(2), e20210164. Just as democratic politics changes, so does the perception about the parties out of which it is composed. This paper’s main purpose is to provide a new and updated ideological classification of Brazilian political parties. To do so, we applied a survey to political scientists in 2018, asking them to position each party on a left-right continuum and, additionally, to indicate their major goal: to pursue votes, government offices, or policy issues. Our findings indicate a centrifugal force acting upon the party system, pushing most parties to the right. Furthermore, we show a prevalence of patronage and clientelistic parties, which emphasize votes and offices rather than policy. keywords: political parties; political ideology; survey; party models; elections

28 de setembro de 2019

El PT de Brasil: un partido de trabajadores sin trabajadores

[Foto: Juca Martins / Olharimagem / Acervo CSBH-FPA] 

Bolognesi, B., Costa, L. D. and Codato, A. (2019)
‘El PT de Brasil: un partido de trabajadores sin trabajadores’,
América Latina Hoy, (81), pp. 101–128. doi: 10.14201/alh201982.

The regular growth of effective number of parties has been a major issue to the proper working of Brazilian political system. Still, little has been said regarding how the competitive interaction among political parties has an effect on the social composition of its candidates and elected. Trying to stablish relation between party strength, social composition and party system fragmentation, we put our efforts on checking how system fragmentation undermine strong parties in giving room for socially less competitive candidacies. In our hypothesis, we affirm as higher the party organizational strength, bigger is the capacity of electing an outsider social group into representative arena, such as workers. Data points out that Brazilian Workers Party (pt) is the most organizationally structured party. However, through five consecutive elections, pt loses capacity to put in place organizational strength in favor of workers, diminishing its capacity to push forward blue- and white-collar workers into institutional polity. We show of that part of the loss is due to the increasing party system fragmentation from 1998 to 2014.

keywords: Workers' Party (PT), Brazilian elections, organizational strength, political recruitment, social profile

America Latina Hoy
Research Gate