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11 de janeiro de 2016

women, blacks, and political parties in the 2014 federal elections in Brazil

[Bahia, Brasil
Walter Sanders
Life Photo Collection] 



article:
Bolognesi, B., Perissinotto, R. M., and Codato, A. (2016) Reclutamiento político en Brasil. Mujeres, negros y partidos en las elecciones federales de 2014. Revista Mexicana de Ciencias Políticas y Sociales 61(226): 183–212.


Abstract: Occupations like lawyer, physician and engineer have been regarded as a fundamental social resource for political success in Brazil´s institutional politics. The aim of this paper is to present a systematic approach on how occupations affect parliamentary recruitment. We tested the hypothesis by Norris and Lovenduski (1997) according to which some occupations are more prone to lead candidates to political success than others. Data used in the paper refer to 5.219 running candidates for the Deputies Chamber in the 2014 elections. We aggregated candidate's declared occupation into categories according to their capacity to produce more or less disposition to politics and tested the influence of this societal variable on candidate's electoral success or failure. The study also added other variables to occupation, as sex, skin colour and candidate's party size. Results reveal strong association between occupations with high political disposition and electoral success, for that matter even for women and candidate from small parties, but not for afro descendant candidates.

Keywords: occupations; political recruitment; political parties; professional politicians; brazilian elections.

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